It is a unitary parliamentary republic, with 10.6 million inhabitants.
Its capital and largest city is Prague, with 1.3 million residents; other major cities are Brno, Ostrava, Olomouc and Pilsen.
It is also a member of the OECD, the United Nations, the OSCE, and the Council of Europe.
The traditional English name "Bohemia" derives from Latin "Boiohaemum", which means "home of the Boii".
In 1002, the duchy was formally recognized as an Imperial State of the Holy Roman Empire along with the Kingdom of Germany, the Kingdom of Burgundy, the Kingdom of Italy; and became the Kingdom of Bohemia in 1198, reaching its greatest territorial extent in the 14th century.
The Czech Republic is a developed country with an advanced, high income social market economy.
It ranks as the seventh safest and most peaceful country and performs strongly in democratic governance.
The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union (EU) in 2004.
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The Czech Republic has a landlocked and hilly landscape that covers an area of 78,866 square kilometers (30,450 sq mi) with a mostly temperate continental climate and oceanic climate.
The etymology of the word Čech can be traced back to the Proto-Slavic root *čel-, meaning "member of the people; kinsman", thus making it cognate to the Czech word člověk (a person).